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Occupational Safety and Health Management in Industries

Occupational Safety and Health Management in Industries:

   A safety and health management system means the part of the organisations management safety which cover as -

Occupational Safety and Health Management in Industries
  • The health and safety work organisation and policy in the company 
  • The planning process for accident and hills health prevention 
  • The line management responsibility
  • The practices procedures and resources for developing and implementing reviving and maintaining the occupational safety and health policy.
   The system should cover the entire system of an employee occupational health and safety organisation.

   The Occupational Levels of Safety & Health Management in Industries:

   There are many types of choice from to to outline the basic components of a safety management system, and the one chosen here is the International standard promoted by the "International Labour Organisation" (ILO). The key elements of a successful safety and health management system are:
  • Policy and commitment
  • Organising
  •  Planning 
  • Implementation and operations measuring performance
  • Auditing and reviewing performance.

Policy and Commitment:

   The the workplace should prepare an occupational safety and health policy program as part of the preparation of the safety statement required by the safety, Health and Welfare at work act 2005. Effective safety and health policies should set a clear direction for the organisation to follow. They will contribute to all aspects of business performance as part of a demonstrable commitment to continuous improvement. Cost effective approaches to preserving and developing human and physical resources will reduce financial losses and liabilities. In a window context, stockholders expectations whether they were shareholders employees for their representatives customer or Society at large can be met. 

Organising:

   How is the organisation structure how is the accountabilities defined who reports to whom and who is responsible for what.

Planning:

   The workplace should formulate a plan to fulfill its safety and health policy as set out in the safety statement. An effective management structure and arrangements should be put in place for delivering the policies. Safety and health objective and target should be set for all managers and employees.

Implementation and Operations:

   For effective implementations organisations should develop the capabilities and support mechanism necessary to achieve the safety and health policy objectives and targets all staff should be motivated and empowered to work safely and to protect their long-term health not simply to avoid accidents this arrangements should be:
  • Implemented by effective staff involvement and participation through appropriate consultation the use of the safety committee where it exist and the safety representation system and,
  • Sustained by effective communication and the promotion of competence which allows all employees and their representatives to work contribution to the safety and health.
   There should be a plan and systematic approach to implementing the safety and health policy through and effective safety and health management system. The aim is to minimise risk. Risk assessment method should be used to determine priorities and set objectives for eliminating hazards and reducing risks.

   Whenever possible, risk should be eliminated through the proper selection and design of facilities, equipment and processes. If risks cannot be eliminated, they should be minimise by the use of physical controls and safe system of work or, as a last resorts, through the provision of PPE. Performance standard should be established and used for measuring achievement specific actions to promote a positive safety and health culture should be identified.

Measuring Performance:

   The organisation should measure, monitor and evaluate safety and health performance. Performance can be measured against agreed standard to reveal when and where improvement is needed. Active self monitoring reveals how effectively the safety and health management steam is functioning. Self-monitoring looks at both handover (premises, plant and substances) and software (people, procedures and systems, including individual behaviour and performance). It controls fail, reactive monitoring should find out why they failed, by investigating the accidents, I'll health or incidents, which could have caused harms or loss. The objective of active and reactive monitoring are:
  • To determine the immediate causes of substandard performance.
  • To identify any underlying causes and implications for the design and operation of the safety and health management system.

Auditing and Reviewing Performance:

   The organisation should review and improve its safety and health management system continuously, so that its overall safety and health performance improve constantly. The organisation can learn from relevant experience and applied the lessons. There should be a systematic reviews of performance based on data from monitoring and from independent audit of the whole safety and health management system performance should be assessed by -
  • Internal reference to key performance indicators 
  • External comparison with the performance of business competitors and best practice in the organisations employment sector.
   Many companies now report on how will they have perform on workers safety and health in their annual reports and how they have fullfilled their responsibilities with regard to preparing and implementing their safety statements. In addition, employers have greater responsibilities under Section 80 of the 2005 act on "Liability of Directors and Officers of Undertaking" that requires them to be in a position to prove they have proactively manage the safety and health of their worker. Data from this "Auditing and Reviewing Performance" process should be used for this purposes.

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